What is Bookkeeping – EXPLAINED
What is bookkeeping? Learn all about the #1 most profitable business and get the basic know-how to kick off your bookkeeping career. RELATED: Starting A Bookkeeping Business In this article:
- What Is Bookkeeping in Accounting?
- What Is the Difference Between Bookkeeping and Accounting?
- What Are the Objectives of Bookkeeping?
- What Is the Importance of Bookkeeping?
- What Are the Types of Bookkeeping?
- What Does a Bookkeeper Do?
- Can You Automate Bookkeeping?
- How Can You Learn Bookkeeping?
What Is Bookkeeping? | 8 Bookkeeping BasicsBookkeeping is more than just numbers and spreadsheets. Entrepreneur Magazine ranks bookkeeping up with accounting as the #1 most profitable business on the planet, but that’s not the only benefit! Bookkeeping is the ticket to major profits, flexible schedules, and the ability to manage your own clients on your own time.
1. What Is Bookkeeping in Accounting?Bookkeeping is an organized way of recording financial transactions, such as earnings and expenses, in detail. Business-owners and companies practice bookkeeping, and they typically use bookkeeping software, spreadsheets, or printed books. Why is bookkeeping important? Bookkeeping is used to track one’s finances and financial capability, especially if you’re running a business. Entrepreneurs, self-employed people, and organizations all need to have an accurate and updated bookkeeping system. Proper bookkeeping allows businesses to make wise decisions for their investments, finances, and operations. External stakeholders such as investors, the government, and financial institutions also need reliable bookkeeping information to aid them in their lending or investment decisions. Bookkeeping is just one part of the whole process of accounting. This process starts with recording the business’s financial transactions and eventually ends with tax return filing. In the case of limited or incorporated businesses, the process ends with the accountant’s year-end account preparation. Some small business owners opt to manage their own bookkeeping. There are also people who, like you, make a career out of bookkeeping by either working with a company or starting a bookkeeping business.
2. What Is the Difference Between Bookkeeping and Accounting?Bookkeeping is part of the accounting process as its record-keeping step. In a nutshell, bookkeeping covers the administrative side of a business’s financial transactions by recording them accurately. Accounting is more subjective, as it provides insights for the business based on the information gathered through bookkeeping. Accountants create the internal controls that run the bookkeeping system properly. They also analyze and verify the information recorded by bookkeepers. As they keep track of daily financial operations, bookkeepers can tell business owners what’s financially feasible and what isn’t. However, the accountants are the ones who identify the problems and provide solutions for the client. One of the crucial tasks of an accountant is to determine the business’s profit or loss. They also help businesses with their financial forecasts, tax planning and filing.
3. What Are the Objectives of Bookkeeping?
- Objective 1 – Accurately record the financial transactions that result from business activities in accordance to best practices.
- Objective 2 – Communicate the financial results the business activities yielded.
4. What Is the Importance of Bookkeeping?It’s critical for businesses to spend time and money to maintain proper financial records. When they have a proper bookkeeping system, they’ll have a reliable measure for their performance. With this, businesses can make strategic decisions and set feasible goals they can achieve. Businesses also have to comply with the laws and systems that govern their finances. Some of the things businesses must comply with include:
- Records of their financial transactions
- Financial statements
- Tax compliance
- Proper cash flow management
- It’s required by the government ― The government, specifically the IRS, requires businesses to keep track of their financial records. Bookkeeping is the answer to this need.
- It improves cash flow ― The financial statements the bookkeeper produces help the business manage and improve their cash flow. They can also strategically plan based on financial data and make informed decisions that’ll benefit the business.
- It provides the data that investors look for ― Investors want to know how a business is faring to determine their investment’s value. When the business is able to project how much money enters and leaves at a given time, it can increase and maintain its pool of investors.
- Makes tax filing easier ― Having organized and accurate books can cut back the time and effort your client spends on tax filing. The accountant can focus on finding opportunities for tax deductions, which can save both money and time.
- It helps the auditing process go smoothly ― At some point, businesses go through internal or external auditing. If they practice good bookkeeping, their financial information will be readily available for checking and they can avoid penalties.
- It gives the business owner peace of mind ― When the finances are well-taken care of, business owners can focus on other aspects of their work that’ll allow them to grow. Plus, they no longer need to be anxious when auditing season comes.
5. What Are the Types of Bookkeeping?There are two main types of bookkeeping: single-entry system and double-entry system. The single-entry system is usually what sole proprietors and small start-ups do. It’s used for businesses with uncomplicated or minimal transactions. This system records the cash sales and the expenses that the business pays for within a certain period of time. (also called the “cash basis of accounting”). The single-entry system consists of the following documentation:
- Cash sales journal ― This is where you enter the revenue the business receives.
- Cash disbursements journal ― This is where you enter the expenses paid.
- Bank statements ― The journal entries should align with the bank statements.
What is an accrued expense? This refers to an expense entered into the bookkeeping system at the purchase date, not on the payment date.In this system, you post single transactions under expense or income, then you create a second entry to tag the transaction on the right account. You can find the double-entry system within software like QuickBooks®. It consists of the following documentation:
- Cash book
- Accounts payable and receivable
- Loan tracking
- Journal entries
- Manual ― This is the traditional way that’s paper-based.
- Computerized ― This is done through the use of accounting and bookkeeping software.
6. What Does a Bookkeeper Do?A bookkeeper is someone who records a business’s daily financial transactions. The basic tasks of a bookkeeper include the following:
- Data entry
- Maintaining accurate financial records
- Communicating financial issues
- Overseeing the inventory and cash flow
- Managing the budget
- Paying suppliers, customers, and loans
- Generating financial reports
- Excellent data entry skills
- Good communication skills
- Bookkeeping know-how
- Attention to detail and organization
- Good understanding of the micro and macro perspectives in a business
- Discipline and commitment
- Willingness to learn